THE KORONA VIRUS AGE AND THE PROBLEM OF EPISTEMOLOGY IN ITALY
S. Vedat Karaarslan Archaeologist- Engineer M.
Italian Girolamo Fracastoro, who was educated in medicine and literature philosophy, suggested that Padua University, which lived between 1478 and 1553 for the first time, was caused by small microorganisms .
Fracastoro had a medical degree in 1502. In his work titled Semi naria Prima , he claimed that tuberculosis and plague diseases were transmitted to humans in the form of invisible spores or small particles and defined typhus disease. In the history of epidemiology, De contagione et contagiosis morbis et curatione and his work (Three books on infectious diseases, infectious diseases and their treatment) pioneered Koch and Pasteur's discoveries in microbiology in the following years.
STATUE AND BOOK OF FRACASTORO IN THE CITY OF PADOVA (1546)
Until the microbe theory was developed, the "chemically charged small particles" theory of Fracastoro, born in Verona, as a source of infectious diseases, remained in the health field for 300 years.
Fracastoro also described the 'syphilis' disease, 'syphilis', for the first time, saying that the spread of diseases is due to weather deterioration. According to mythology, the shepherd named Syphilis had insulted Apollo. In Apollo , he punished this shepherd with Syphilis (syphilis) h . Fracastoro used the word 'tinder' used in English to spread the fire as an example of the spread of infectious diseases as the word 'fome' in Latin . The same word would be used in all Latin languages as 'fumer' which means 'smoking'.
Fracastoro is known as the 'French Disease' or 'syphilis syphil morbus gallicus' in 1546, in which he wrote 'syphilis' or syphilis in 1546, which is known as 'French Disease' due to the illness that French soldiers caught during the occupation of Italy in 1494. He suggested that it could be treated with the use of guaiac oil obtained from the sacred tree .
In modern medicine , the origin of 'fomites' , which are the common names of patonegic bacteria, viruses or fungi, also provides us with an etymology root or semantic integrity based on these studies by Fracastoro.
In his work titled "De Contagione et Contagiosis morbis", published in 1546, Fracatoro wrote that " wooden objects and such things, even if they do not deteriorate themselves, can preserve and infect the original microbes of infectiousness, " for the spread of 'infectious' diseases , the basic approach of today's microbiology. has taken its place in history as an important resource.
Today, it is a non-sterile hospital, which is also called `` fomit '' host, which is a non-sterile hospital, whose organisms are carriers, and it can be viruses, bacteria or fungi in places such as healthcare, workplaces, offices, bazaar markets, etc. strands, clothes, beds can also be a source of infectious disease.  Fomites are defined as all inanimate objects that transfer the bacteria and viruses they receive onto living things.
HUMAN TO HUMAN FOMITE RESOURCES
Research has shown that fomites' flat surfaces such as door handles spread more bacteria and viruses than porous surfaces such as paper money. Features Many experimental results have been reached that prevent the contamination of fibrous substances by keeping them by touch.
The word "contagion" means "touch, contact," usually "in a bad sense," contact with something physical or moral, "touch" (con-) + tangere "dirty, contagious" Is an English word used since 1620 to mean "infection contact or communication".
Despite this common use, according to the Century Dictionary;
Contagion and infection are for different purposes. According to this;
The contagious state is caused by the contamination of the disease by the actual contact of the diseased part with a healthy absorbent or worn surface, which is the 'contagion'.
Infection is limited to floating microbes or miasmata (formation of microbes in the air) and being contaminated from the atmosphere. .
Nothing's 'fear' represents the original name can not be spread so fast 'Contagion' is 'epidemic' first presentation of the film was made at the Venice Film Festival.
Venice city, famous for the world film festivals of Italy, is a city that is almost intertwined with Padua University , founded in 1222 with a history of 800 years, with a medical diploma of Fracastoro, born in Verona, who first said that the source of infectious diseases was microbes. .
The 'source of knowledge and value' of the approach of the city of Milan, which is very close to Paduva and Verona, which is the center of the world fashion where the epidemic 'COVID-19' , which is defined as the Corona Virus, is the center of the world fashion, which is the center of the world of Fracastoro . According to the science of epistemology seeking an answer to the question, it makes it necessary to be reconsidered as a sign of the world .
With the wish that COVID 19, which is the biggest tragedy that human beings have experienced in recent history, will come out of our lives as soon as possible ... It is the right time for solidarity for humanity ...